The origin of the word Patience seems obvious. There is immediately a connection to the English word patience. We can translate this word into American in different ways: patience, rest, passive. This quickly creates a picture of someone who is patiently on a bed. This is not by chance. The word patience has the same origin as the word patient.
The word also shares its name with a game. A game that is usually played with cards by one person. But is this a suitable name? To find out it is interesting to go deeper into the word. How it originated and what it means exactly.
The American and Patience
In the American language the word Patience is already approximately the year 1100. "Virtue that ends opposed"Is how it is mentioned in a Psalm book from 1174. As with every language that is under development, it was described in different ways. Looking for your own version of an old Latin word.
Etymologists in the Netherlands refer to the Latin words Patient, patience in patience. At the time, the American wrote this with a c. The spelling was therefore patience of patient. A few years later, the American writer Chrétien de Troyes used the word with the meaning: "The mistakes of others patiently tolerate. " So a certain form of suffering with patience was combined here. Patience and patient.
Pacient in patient
Language is constantly developing and around 1350 the derivative word comes the patient of patient used for a sick person. In addition to USA, this was also the case in the Netherlands. For example, there is the following in a American book from that time. ""To Badene that pacient and in ointment. "" This comes down to "The sick baths and ointments’.
A hundred years later, the C van Pacient was replaced in a text with a T and the patient was placed. The different spelling methods were then often used interchangeably, both in the Netherlands and USA.
Criminal or sick
In a book by Agrippa d’Aubigné is a striking description of the word. "’Person condemned to torture (person who has been sentenced to ...). "" The context can vary. It can go on plea, torment, but also on torture. For example, there is the description in a American-Italian dictionary from 1743: "’Criminal who fucks death. "" This roughly translates to "criminal who causes death. " Death is suffered and the criminal takes on the role of disease.
This dictionary also contains the word patience itself. This refers to the plant Lapathum. A American etymological dictionary from 1750 also makes this reference. This refers to the plant for the Latin origin of the word Patience.
From a plant to Patience
The plant that was referred to has the Latin name Lapathum obtusifolius. The plant later gets the name from the botanist Carl Linné Sorry obtusifolius. In American we know the plant under the slightly easier name Knight Suring. This plant occurs throughout the Netherlands and is generally considered weeds. The rhizome of the plant is used as homeopathic remedies by alternative doctors.
Some also claim that the juice from the leaves works against the itching of nettles. The old dictionary only gives the reference to knight sorrel, without any connection. So what exactly has to do with Patience is so far unknown. Perhaps the answer lies in the functioning of the plant. These can cause sleepiness so that a connection can be made.
Patient and patience
The exact origin of the word Patience is therefore not completely clear. The relationship between the plant and how it is used is a mystery. The link with patient is there. This word occurs in other countries, but the spelling differs. As previously established, there is an argument for an origin in the American language. Whether or not a corruption of a Latin word, the meaning that is now used is universal.
An old American dictionary gives the following description: ""someone who suffers patiently, someone who patiently wears his suffering. "" Patience and suffering; For many players in the Patience game, the two are closely connected.
The Patience card game
The word Patience comes into with a card game at some point. This happened for the first time in 1811 in a diary by Marie-Henri Beyle. However, there is a discussion whether this refers to the card game or a fortune -like card laying as at Tarot. It will take decades before a start of the card game as we know it. Patience becomes a collective name for all kinds of card games that you play alone.
The English held the floor, although the American statement made room for the English sounds. So for them it mainly meant patience. The Americanized variant was soon known under the name Solitaire. This means "alone" and refers to the single player who plays the game.
Patience is therefore also known as Solitaire. Further variants are possible, such as Klondike. RedBook Magazine wrote that former VS Franklin D. Roosevelt was a fan of the Patientce variant Spider. Solitaire has also had a permanent place on computers that use Windows.
Where the variants Spider Solitaire, Freecell, Pyramid Solitaire and Tripeaks Solitair present. Whole apps are dedicated to patience and solitary and the internet is also full of it. The card game often symbolizes loneliness in novels and films. As a cultural phenomenon, Patience is very successful.
Patience in the Netherlands
Also in American it started to live a life of its own. In parts of the South and Flanders it is occasionally Mochelen named. But for the origin of the word Patience in the Netherlands, 1847 is the year to start. In the Kramers Kunst dictionary from the same year there is a definition of the word. It is described as "game of patience' in 'card game between two people, that one can also play alone ".
In addition to Patience, Kramer also uses the word patency. Especially interesting is that Kramer also mentions the plant, under the name Rumex. Here he describes it as "A patience herb. " This simple translation offers a statement. The link between the herb and the word patience is therefore a lot clearer.
The board game Patience
Fifty years later, in 1901, Kramer writes only the word in his American-American dictionary patency. He then translated this into Patience. Sources, however, point to a board game with the name patency, that in many countries is already known as solitary. The card game is already known in the Netherlands for a longer period of time.
In the Rotterdam Courant from 1852 there is an article about a Chinese family that emigrated to The Hague. This text says: ""The man entertains himself with smoking, either tobacco of opium, sniffing, writing and playing a kind of card game, as a patience game. "" It may no longer be common to smoke opium, but the image of only playing patience remains unchanged.
The growth of Patience
Since the publication of that article, the word Patience was increasingly used. In newspaper reports and stories. Heinrich Lee writes in the story The prediction That an aunt likes to play patience, but is no longer interested in Napoleon Patience. There was a rumor that Napoleon would often play the game during his exile. However, these rumors were invalidated by a number of researcher.
However, patience variants are named after Napoleon. Patience is good to use for symbolism and puns. And with a huge increase in popularity in different parts of Europe, it soon became a cultural phenomenon. In the Netherlands there was still the Lexicon card game in 1935. This game described itself as an agility game, in which card game, patience and crossword formation are melted together. There were also ways to bet money on the card game.
The Patience game therefore remains relevant. The lonely nature of the game is attractive to many and brings people, ironic, together. The origin of the word is fairly easy to follow and there are several sources available. The only hitch is the connection with De Plant Ridderzuring. But with the simple translation "patience herb" from Latin you can also shine on that.
The American origin associated with the American word patient brings patience and Leiden together. And this makes Patience a perfect name for the card game. Often alone, a lot of patience and sometimes suffering. Sometimes you lose, but be patient. It will be rewarded.
Well -known American casinos
Well -known American casinos
Frequently Asked Questions
The word as it is now used is originally from American. The spelling was still at the time patience of patient. The writer Chrétien de Troyes came up with the meaning "The mistakes of others patiently tolerate. " That is how there was a connection with the word patient. Over the years it changed to Patience; patience. Etymologically there is the possibility to dive further into Latin, although it does not become clearer.
Patience is a collective name for card games that are usually played by one person. The word occurs for the first time in 1811, in the diary of Marie-Henri Beyle. However, the context is not entirely clear in the diary. Decades later, clarity comes here and gets the current meaning.
The name originated in USA and it translates into patience. The meaning remains the same in English too. You only have to change the statement. There is also a connection with the word patient in American. In 1100 the American had all this description for the word: ""Virtue that ends opposed. "" A combination of patience and contradictions is perfectly summarized in the word Patience.
As with so many card games, Patience has numerous variants. Each region makes its own house rules and adjustments to a card game. And each variant gets its own name. The word solitary is more common in America. The name emphasizes the fact that you usually play the game on your own.
Solitaire is on many computers, a variant of patience. If you play this you can either win or lose. It is possible to bet money on this. Almost all card games in which you can win or lose can be used as gambling games. Especially in online legal casinos You can do this quickly and easily. It is something different than the standard roulette, but that makes it all the more fun.
Patience is originally a collective name for card games that you play alone. However, there are variants that make it possible to play with several people. Double Klondike, also known as Double Solitaire, is an example of this. There are other versions, such as Russian Bank who go even further and become more complicated. Although it is less common, it is therefore possible to play with several people at the same time.
In the Netherlands we use the American name and so it is just patience. In the beginning of the 20e century became the word patency Still used, but this has fallen away over the years. Interesting to know that the word has the same origin as the word patient. In some parts of the south of the Netherlands and Flanders it is sometimes also known as "Machelen".
The game has its origins in all probably in USA. In any case, it was mentioned for the first time. However, the word has its origins in Latin. In old American dictionaries, the word refers to a plant that Lapathum is called. In the Netherlands it becomes the same plant Knight acid named. In a American-American dictionary from Kramer, the plant (here as Rumex) translated into "patience herb". This gives more clear about the word as it is used now.
As soon as you know how the game works, you only need a stick of cards. In principle you can play it everywhere you have the space for it. Because only one person is needed, you can also determine when you play it. This is also possible in online casinos. Here you have the opportunity to bet money on it. For when you want to make a game of patience a little more exciting.