The origin of the word Baccarat cannot be stuck with full certainty. Just like with so many gambling games, it is difficult to point out to an exact time and place. Both Italy and USA have a foot in the door when it comes to the word. Baccarat means "zero" in both languages.
To shine a light on this, it is important to investigate the history of the word. And how it was ultimately bound to the game of games with the cards as we know it now.
The Romans and the word baccarat
As so often, you have to be for the origin of a word among the Romans. To expand their empire, they were in a constant fight with other peoples. In Northern Europe these were mainly Germanic tribes. As crossing places, rivers were especially important for the Romans. In the year 254, for example, a large battle against "Barbarians" took place. The Romans were forced to give up settlements along the Rhine.
However, they managed to reduce the barbarians. They then built around 260 a bridge at the river Meurthe (in USA). To defend this bridge there was a fort with around 600 Roman soldiers. A few houses were also created around the fort. This settlement was given the name Baby girl. This is already quite close to the word Baccarat.
There are sources that refer to the riches of the Fort Bacchi -a -a. It is therefore interesting to look at why it got this name. This way you can make a link with the Arabic word a cow. This means cows. Cows were used a lot as a means of exchange and therefore associated with wealth. Also the American word baccara Can be a reference to cattle and wealth, but in this case the word "nothing at all" means.
Perhaps part of the treasures of the Romans were kept in Bacchi -a -a. Many coins were found during excavations around this area. Some of them have been found the oldest Roman coins ever. It is therefore difficult to imagine that the name arose by chance. The word Baccarat has therefore traditionally been connected to riches.
The first mention of Baccarat
The realm of the Romans also came to an end. Baby girl Also developed further after the Romans. During this period it initially went from densely populated to sparsely populated. For the settlement, however, there was a time of wealth again. At that time, wealth did not always mean money, but especially serfs, estates and cattle.
The year is 1200 and the power of the area will be with a family. The members of this family call themselves The Salm, Van Lorraine in De Blamont. They have several estates, including castles and the civiliangiveness Deneuvre. In 1291 a treaty was drawn up after a war. This was between Bisschop BOUCHARD D'AVESNES in Ferry van Lotharingen. This treaty contains the first mention of the word Baccarat. "I (Ferry) have to return to the bishop - to the castle in Deneuvre, called Baccarat."
Baccarat as a settlement
After the treaty, the former Roman settlement on the river Murthe grows. For the serfs of Henry de Blamont, who work in Deneuvre, there were houses in Baccarat. Over the years, documents mention other variants of the word. In 1310 Baccarat, 1314 Vakarut, 1353 Backar, 1407 Baccareat and in 1433 Baccaratum.
There is also a pearl with the different names of the Baccarat card game. The settlement had a dazzling history in which ownership of the area changed ownership a number of times. An area that can now be found in peace in the east of USA. But how exactly did the settlement end?
From bridge to village
The name given to the settlement in 1332 is Baccarat. This is the year in which the Bishop of Metz, Aldémar de Montil, a tower and part of the area. He does this from Henry III de Blamont. The tower, a remnant of the Roman fort, was given the name Bacha Tour. At the tower the bishop had a castle built that he Small baccarat mentioned.
There was also a village in the area with the name Baccarat. The current residents of the town therefore consider it Aldemar Like the founder. From bridge and fort, to settlement for serfs, to castle and village. The Roman bridge was unfortunately lost in a flood in 1656. Parts of the tower, on the other hand, can still be admired.
The Baccarat card game
The word has an interesting history and brings you on a journey through the Roman Empire and consecutive landowners. But what about the Baccarat card game? There are two conflicting theories in this area. One side places it in 15e century in Italy. The theory is that it was then brought to USA by Italian soldiers.
The historians on the other side of the conflict point to the earliest mention of Baccarat as a card game. This appeared in 1847. In the history of card games there are often different variants, each with its own name. Then it comes together to a common name that becomes known to the larger audience.
The first stop on the trip to the origin of the Baccarat card game is old Italy. Tarot cards were used for the game instead of regular cards. This game occurred in the Middle Ages and was based on a myth. In the myth, a blonde virgin had to roll a nine -sided dice to determine her destiny.
Nine gods watched how she did this. When rolling an eight or nine, the Virgin would become a high priest. A six or seven meant that she would be banned from future religious meetings. With a five or less it was her fate to walk into the sea.
The theory is that a version of this game -based game at the end of the 15e century ended up in USA. Probably brought by Italian soldiers. In USA this game was known under the names Banking in bank in Railway. Especially with the American aristocrats, the card game was appreciated. Because this was often about aristocrats, it was not only important that you had many riches. The origin of someone was also a factor in the status of a person.
This aristocratic element spread throughout Europe and Baccarat was given an elitist connection. And although the assumption with the big money and status still occurs partly, that connection is fortunately watered down. This way everyone can play baccarat, regardless of origin.
The village of Baccarat
The step from ancient Italy to now is perhaps a little too big. To clarify that, a return to the village of Baccarat is needed. This time around 1450. Around this time the village mainly achieves income from wine and tailors. The following period is less economically. Many people end up without work after the Eighty Years' War. However, a bishop comes with the idea for a glass blowing and puts it to King Louis the fifteenth in front of. The king gives permission and in 1764 there will be a factory for artificial glass in Baccarat. The production of window and drinking glass started.
The crystal of Baccarat
The success of the factory did not go unnoticed. Surrounding places also start producing glass and competition rose. The manufacturers of Baccarat decided to switch to the production of crystal. The crystal glasses that were produced were a luxury product intended for nobles and rich merchants.
At the beginning of the 19e century Baccarat therefore became a name that was strongly associated with high quality crystal. A crystal that was popular with every Aristocrat in USA - and a crystal that could be used in gambling games.
Crystal and map
At the beginning of the 19e century gambling games In popularity. In domestic atmospheres you soon ended up with the versatility and convenience of card games. In this period, however, it was forbidden to gamble. Because the aristocrats had enough money, they might found other symbols of wealth to bet with.
Perhaps literal symbols of wealth such as crystal. And because Kristal was almost the same in the word Baccarat, there could be an origin for the connection. The word as meaning for wealth or as a literal reference to wealth in the form of crystal.
Italy or USA?
With the precise origin of the game baccarat to raise many questions. The game about a myth played with tarot cards as the Italians knew is different from the current form. But as with just about all card games, there are many variants to be found, and each variant further embroider on a predecessor. In this way a game from Italy can also be taken over by the American.
The tarot cards then make room for regular cards. A twist was given and new rules were added. Each area has its own adjustments to the rules and therefore also a different name. It is quite possible that it ended up in USA from Italy. Born in Italy and raised in USA. It is clear that Baccarat then became extremely popular in Europe and the rest of the world.
Baccarat Als Casino Games
Traditionally, Baccarat has a connection with the big money. This used to be in the form of aristocrats who owned luxury crystal. Later that link still stayed there. A lot of money is dealt with in casinos. In Macau, a special administrative area of China, Baccarat provides 92 percent of the total turnover of all casino games every year. This amounted to more than 45 billion sales in 2013.
The popularity of Baccarat and the turnover for casinos are therefore huge. This also says something about the accessibility of Baccarat. Also in American online casinos Is there everywhere to play it. Even for starting players it is easy to get in. Where the game once was nobility, it is now also for everyone who has no blue blood.
Conclusions about the word baccarat
The origin of the word Baccarat is in all probably in the village with the same name. This started as a Roman settlement: a bridge and a fort to defend it. After it had changed ownership a number of times, it eventually became known for the production of crystal glass. With both the word Baccarat itself and with the village, there is a connection with wealth. It is therefore not surprising that it was mainly played by Aristocrats at the time. Because of them, the card game was created as we know it now.
In addition, it is possible that it was based on a card game that originates in Italy. For the time being, Baccarat is largely dressed in mystery. However, the stories that originated from this are endlessly fascinating. The riches of history can become the riches of the present. Give it a chance.
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Frequently Asked Questions
The word has its origins with the Romans. They gave the name Baby girl To a settlement that consisted of a bridge and fort. This name can be based on the Arabic word a cow (cow). Having cattle was a wealth at the time. Many old coins were found at the Roman settlement. Later the settlement grew into a village with the name Baccarat.
It cannot be said with certainty where exactly the card game originated. According to some historians, the origin lies in Italy. With a game with tarot cards, based on a myth. Via Italian soldiers it ended up in USA where it was played by Aristocrats. It is possible that they made their own version of the Baccarat game that looks more like what we know today. However, the first mention of the Baccarat card game was only in 1847.
The Baccarat game shares its name with a village in USA. This village started with the production of Kristal and was very associated with it at the beginning of the 19e century. The name can have a connection with the aristocrats who used the crystal as a bet. The word Baccarat also has many connections with terms around wealth historically.
In the past, the card game was often played by rich aristocrats. This spread from USA to the rest of Europe. The game may have a link with wealth, but nowadays it is accessible to everyone. For some it still has an association with rich people. But thanks to casinos and online casinos, everyone can enjoy Baccarat.