Golden ten, American gambling history

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Golden ten is a form of roulette that was very popular in the Netherlands in the 1980s and early 1990s. This roulette game could be played because it was a skill game. Gambling were only allowed to be offered by Holland Casino at that time, but offering a skill game was one of the loops in the law.

How did the Golden Ten Roulette work?

The agreement with a normal roulette is that there is a ball in a song and that the players will be paid if they have deployed on the correct song.

The big difference is in a stationary number wreath. The numbers are in order in that wreath. The ivory ball that is just as large as a ping pong ball, goes in an ellipse -shaped track through a steel boiler towards the number wreath.

By studying the job of the ball, a player can make a calculation where the ball will fall. This is of course only for a few, otherwise such a casino could not exist. Yet it is certainly possible and that makes the game so much more fun as a traditional roulette.

You can use until the ball reaches the last ring in the boiler. In the last few rounds that the ball makes towards the number wreath, the steed becomes clearer and easier to see where it will fall. This extra tension makes the game so loved.

Golden Ten Ketel with number wreath

The opportunities at Golden ten

In the beginning, the Golden Ten has 24 numbers and a 0 and X. The payment on a full number is 24 times. Two extra numbers means that you have 1/13th part of the disadvantage, which amounts to 7.69%. This is much worse than the 2.7% that you are with a normal one roulette have.

As Golden becomes more and more popular, more and more variants are added. A 12 roulette, 36 roulette and a 48 roulette. All variants have a 0 and X as extra numbers. This makes the disadvantage very large with the 12 roulette, namely 14.28%.

The disadvantage of the poor payout percentages is made good by the agility of observing. There were a number of players who deserved their bread well with this. The fact that a boiler is not always exactly level can also provide a major advantage for players. Certain numbers really fall much more often.

In the end, Golden is also a game that the casino earns money from. Nothing special because that is for everyone Casino games the case.

Many American Golden Ten Casinos

In the early years of Golden Ten, who had come over from Germany, it was mainly cafes who placed a Golden ten Roulette table in a room afterwards. As time progressed and it was decided at lawsuits that it was indeed a game of agility, more and more entrepreneurs dared to start such a casino.

Most owners were Germans who abolished catering occasions to start a Golden. This was such a success that there were more than 100 Golden Ten Casinos in the Netherlands in the late 1980s. The largest and best known was Casino Rosmalen.

Casino Rosmalen was the largest in the Netherlands

In Rosmalen, a converted farmhouse with 2 Golden ten Ketels and 4 Blackjackt tables were started. The German owners appointed a American manager who made the right decisions to make a success of the casino.

In addition to a paid restaurant, a free restaurant was opened on the upper floor. You could choose from two - 3 -course menus and it was not checked whether you played at all. The manager's vision was that it had to be nice and busy when you came in and the people who abused the free food, he assumed.

All drinks were free in the playroom and the Bossche bulbs could not be dragged. The bets on the tables was possible from 1 guilder. Because of all this you could come in with 20 guilders, enjoy delicious food and drink and entertain you at the roulette table for a long time. With a bit of luck you went home with more money.

Soon there had to be expanded and at some point there were 7 roulette boilers with a total of 15 gaming tables. The blackjack was closed by order of the judiciary because it was not a skill game. That didn't spoil the fun because it remained very busy. More than 1000 visitors a day and 160 employees earned their living in the casino.

Great artists were invited every month to entertain the guests. Anita Meyer, Rob de Nijs, Demis Roussos, Percy SLEDGE, The Three Degrees and many others entered the stage. Every year there was also a fair where almost everything was given away for free. In the top years there was even a Mercedes raffled among the guests.

Holland Casino was not happy with the Golden Tens

Holland Casino Breda opens its doors on October 1, 1987. Where it is three rows in Rosmalen around the Blackjackt tables, it is suspected in Breda. Through entrance fees, high bets and paid hospitality industry, the guests cannot lure from Rosmalen to Breda. Justice closes the BlackJack In Rosmalen and the players had to go to Holland Casino to play their favorite game.

Yet the Golden remained a thorn in the eye of the only one Legal Casino in Nederland. TNO and Professor Willem Wagenaar were called in to prove that Golden was at a game of chance and after many lawsuits and treatments on appeal it was decided in 1990 that the Golden Tens should close their doors. After some convulsions with other variants, the Golden Tens disappeared and Holland Casino had its way.

Now that the Holland Casinos had a branch in all strategic places in the Netherlands, they took over the guests from the Golden Ten Casinos. The threshold to go to a casino had made the Golden Ten Casinos a lot lower and HC benefited from it.